Israelite origin of the Icelanders

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Benjaminites from Galilee

Adam Rutherford wrote in 1939 a book titled "Icelands great inheritance". In it he mentions the tribes that inhabited Israel. The tribe of Benjamin inhabited in the days of Christ the northern most part of Palestine, which was called Galilee and was separated from the Judahites of Judea by the territory of the Samaritans. This people migrated in considerable numbers to Asia Minor for centuries, but during the period of the Roman wars in the first century A.D the people fled the country and settled in the same territories as their countrymen had settled before. From this people came among others Apostle Paul and Christian Asians were for the most part of this nation the first two centuries in our chronology.

Up to the year 267 this people lived in safety, but then the Goths invaded Asia Minor and deported from there captive Christian people to Dacia in the Danube area, for there was where those Goths lived. This Christian people married considerably into the Gothic nation and in a few generations they were also considered Dacians. With time they lost their religion, but in this context it is worth to give heed to the fact, that in 350 Ulfila, half Gothic yet also Christian, translated the bible into the Gothic language, which modern day Icelanders can read.

Alarik king of the Goths sacks Rome 410

Heruli - Goths

The Heruli and the Goths fought together at the Black sea, yet the Heruli were considered greater pirates than the Goths. As these tribes often had a common military there was sometimes only talked about Goths. That was for example done when there was described a great campaign of Goths to Greece from the Danube area on a fleet of 500 ships. The ships were harboured in the Greek city of Pireus 5 miles from Athens. The army went ashore and won sweet victories, yet when they returned back to the ships, all the navy had been stolen and the Gothic army had to march on foot north through Greece. On that path the Heruli seperated themselves from the army and hired themselves as mercenaries for the Roman emperor and served faithfully for a long time, and were famed for their brilliance.

This is the first time in the description of this campaign where the Heruli are specifically mentioned. This tells us, that although Goths are mentioned by scholars and historians, they can also be referring to Heruli.

Normans? Icelanders

The Herulian Odovakar became king of Italy in 475, but was quickly deposed by the Ostro-Goths, who migrated to Italy with a nation of 300 thousand people and rained until 553, when a mercenary army of the Byzantine emperor, composed among others of Herulians, defeated them after a war lasting decades. So hard were the Goths crushed, that around one thousand solders survived the last battle and such great respect was born for their valour, that they were allowed to go in peace and they disapeared with their people north over the Alps.

Around this time the Nordic Lombards became powerful in the Danube area and started to threaten the Heruli and other small tribes in Dacia. In this period there is historical evidence for a migration of the Heruli to Scandinavia, yet there is also talk of Dacians and Goths.

In the tenth century Dudo writes the first history of the  Normans and says explicitly that they were Dacians, also Duchesne, who gathered Norman annals during the 17th century. Various historians tell, that when William the bastard invaded England with his Norman force in 1066 he carried a banner with the wolf. The wolf sign has been traced to the Galileans and the Heruli.

Hrolf the walker went from Western Norway to the Hebrides with a large Viking fleet and from there to Normandy in 911. His brother Hrollaugur went at the same time with another group of Vikings to Iceland, where he together with other Vikings founded a commonwealth and became an Icelandic nation.

The Normans and the settlers of Iceland came almost all from the same areas of the west coast of Norway, although many of those, who came here stopped first in the Viking settlements in Britain.

These Vikings were newcomers and many of them were an elite, as was the norm when the Germanic tribes of the Great Migration period settled in lands already inhabited. The language of this people was similar to Icelandic, as was the language of the Goths 1650 years ago and it was different than the languages of other peoples in Norway (Norse Language Encycl. Brit 14th ed.)

Equality? Knowlegde of law? Wanderlust

Equality was a thing which charactherized the Icelandic commonwealth and the giving of laws and knowledge of law was on a high level. The wandering of Icelanders and discoveries in the Western world tell us quite much about the wanderlust of the nation in the commonwealth age.

This is very similar in many ways to the Normans. When they sailed up the Seine river a messenger of the Franks had a meeting with them and asked for their commander and got the answer: " We have no commander. We are all equal." It is also reported in Dudos writings, that in Normandy law and rights were on a higher level and laws were better respected, than in other parts of France.The Vikings brought the laws with them from across the ocean, like was the case in Iceland. The Normans went to Jerusalem and on their way home a Norman force of 40 men managed to conquer the Arab territory in Southern Italy and after that the Normans reigned there and in Sicily for about 200 years and were famous for their legislations and laws.

The Norman kingdom in England became an empire as times passed, and from there lands were settled in America, Africa. Australia and elsewhere. The wanderlust always the same.

The Wolves of Iceland

The king of the Visi-Goths in Southern-France in 412 was Ataulf. The brother of the Herulian Odovakar was named Onulf. Among the Heruli Ulf names were common. It is therefore typical that the name Úlfur (in old Icelandic Ulfr,Ulfarr or in the combination Olfr,tower over all other names in documents about the settlement of Vikings in Iceland. For example the first settler Ingólfur (Ingolfr) and then there are names like Herjolfr and Brynjolfr and Thorolfr.

The grandfather of Egill Skallagrimson was named Ulfur and was a great Viking and later named Kveldúlfur. In that family men were either fair or dark haired and the name Þórolfr was common. In the Laxdæla saga it is said about Hrútur Herjúlfsson: there is hope for a good hunt from a greedy wolf.

Ulf names are common here in landscapes, though there were no wolves here but the Herúlfs.

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